Title : Effect of EMDR based five step desensitization on addictive memory and self esteem in patients with methamphetamine dependence
Objective To explore the effects of five-step desensitization therapy combined with question recalling, vipassana meditation, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), hypnotherapy and neural language programs (NLP) on addictive memory and self-esteem levels in patients with methamphetamine dependence.
Methods: Parallel control and pre-and post-control test design were used, and sampling was performed using multi-stage sampling method. A total of 128 methamphetamine-dependent patients were selected from five compulsory isolation and drug rehabilitation centers in Wuhan, Hubei Province, with 63 in the control group and 65 in the five-step desensitization group. The control group patients did not receive any other interventions except for the routine rehabilitation training for detoxification. The desensitization group received 5 consecutive days, 90 minutes per day for questioning, EMDR, vipassana, hypnotherapy, and NLP, called a five-step desensitization treatment. The addiction memory intensity scale (AMIS) and the Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSES) were used to measure the addictive memory intensity and self-esteem of patients before and after intervention. Results: After covariance analysis and correction of the pre-intervention scale, the AMIS scores of the desensitization group were lower than those of the control group (P<0.001), and the RSES scores were higher than the control group (P=0.004). The differences were statistically significant. Conclusion?Five-step desensitization therapy could reduce the intensity of addictive memory in patients with methamphetamine dependence and improve the patient's self-esteem effectively.